In the same way that you can "modeify" the major scale by moving the root note
to a different scale degree
, you can "modeify" all the minor scale types by moving their
root notes to different scale degrees.
In the same way that each scale resulting from a "modefication" of the major scale is given a new name and essentially becomes a scale in its own right, each mode of both minor scales is a scale in and of itself (although not a very common one...).
Each mode of the minor scales bears a resemblance to some other mode of the major scale, and thus their names reflect their similarities to the major scale modes. For example, the 3rd mode of the melodic minor is very similar to the Lydian mode of the major scale -- they differ in only one note, the 5th. In the 3rd mode of the melodic minor, the 5th is augmented, thus, the 3rd mode of the melodic minor is named the Lydian Augmented.
You can look at each mode of the melodic and harmonic minors, and see how its name reflects its relationship to a mode of the major scale. Keep in mind that:
- Justin abbreviated "natural" as "nat",
- that "augmented" almost always refers to the augmented 5th,
- that "dominant" refers to the flattened 7th, or to "majorizing" a minor scale,
- and that "diminished" refers to flattening of some scale degrees
I'm not quite sure about the Super Locrian scale. It sounds very "altered".
That's as much clarification as I can give. Hope it helps!